The Diaries and Travel Writings of King Chulalongkorn of Siam

In October 2005, Ohio University Libraries purchased of the private library collection of the late Cornell University professor David K. Wyatt. The collection, consisting of roughly 15,000 volumes, about half of which are in Thai, includes most of the standard works on Thailand and Southeast Asia in general, a substantial number of Thai royal chronicles, the greater part of King Chulalongkorn's (1868-1910) diaries and letters, and an extensive array of monographs, memoirs and cremation volumes.

Thanks in large part to funds provided by the United States Department of Education TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information Access) grant, Ohio University Libraries, in collaboration with Digital Initiatives, Lyrasis, the Internet Archive, and the Southeast Asia Digital Library, was able to digitize a selection of rare Thai-language materials from the David K. Wyatt Collection. The digital collection consists of King Chulalongkorn's 24-volume diary, spanning the years 1876 to 1887, and more than thirty volumes of travel writings, which chronicle the King's royal visits to India, Malaya, Singapore, Java, Western Europe, Russia, and the remote corners of Siam.

The importance of this digital project to Thai and Western scholars merits brief explanation. The reign of King Chulalongkorn, 1868 to 1910, was indeed a memorable one. It marked a critical watershed in Thai history. He ruled the Kingdom of Siam with an astuteness and foresight at a time of extraordinary danger and change. Many scholars credit Chulalongkorn with transforming Siam from a traditional Southeast Asian kingdom into a modern nation-state. Chulalongkorn's diary and travel writings, which constitute one of the single-most important collections of primary sources on the period, shed much light on the history of the fifth reign. A further reason Ohio University Libraries chose to digitize the writings of King Chulalongkorn at this time is that 2010 (October 2010, to be more specific) marks the 100th anniversary of his death.

พระราชหัตถเลขา ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว เมื่อเสด็จประพาสหัวเมืองชายทเลตวันออก ในปีมะเมีย พ.ศ. ๒๔๒๕ กับปีมะเมีย พ.ศ. ๒๔๒๖ และปีวอก พ.ศ. ๒๔๒๗ รวม ๓ คราว [Phrarātchahatthalēkhā Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa mūa sadet praphāt hū
Cremation volume for Somdet Phrapitutchāčhao Sukhumānmārasī Phraʻakkhrarātchathēwī (สมเด็จพระปิตุจฉาเจ้า สุขุมาลมารศรี พระอัครราชเทวี). The volume includes a brief introduction and two photographs of the crematee. The main text, 74 pages in length, consists of letters written by King Chulalongkorn during his trips to the Eastern seas in 1882, 1883, and 1884., Volume 41 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
พระราชหัตถเลขา ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว เรื่องเสด็จประพาสมณฑลปราจีน เมื่อ ร.ศ. ๑๒๗ (พ.ศ. ๒๔๕๑) [Phrarātchahatthalēkhā nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa rūang sadet praphāt Monthon Prāčhīn mūa R.S. 127 (Pho. So. 2451)].
Cremation volume for Prince Chainātnarēnthō̜n [พลเอก สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ กรมพระยาชัยนาทนเรนทร]. The volume includes a brief introduction, a biographical sketch of the crematee in chronological outline, and seven photographs of the crematee: one of the Prince with his father, King Chulalongkorn, taken in 1898; another of the Prince himself, taken in 1904; another taken with his wife, a British subject by the name of Elisabeth Scharnberger, in 1915; another of the Prince dressed in full royal regalia taken in 1922 ; another of the Prince reading (photo is undated) ; another of the Prince reviewing a bas-relief taken in 1947; and a final photograph of the Prince dressed in royal regalia taken in 1950. Also contains a 13 page essay on the various positions and titles held by Prince Chainātnarēnthō̜n. The main text, 21 pages, chronicles King Chulalongkorn’s tour of Prachin (i.e. Prachinburi) in 1908., Volume 43 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุระยะทาง เสด็จประพาสในราชกาลที่ ๕ เสด็จประพาศหัวเมืองแหลมมลายู รัตนโกสินทรศก ๑๑๗, ๑๑๘, ๑๑๙, รวม ๓ คราว [Čhotmāihēt raya thāng sadet praphāt nai ratchakān thī 5 sadet praphāt hūa mư̄ang nai Lǣm Malāyū Rattanakōsin Sok 117, 118, 119 rūam 3 khrāo].
Cremation volume for Somdet Phra Sīphatcharinthrā Bō̜romma Rāchinīnāt (สมเด็จพระศรีพัชรินทราบรมราชินีนาถ พระบรมราชชนนีพันปีหลวง). Includes a photograph of the crematee, but no biography. Nor is there an introduction or other front matter. The main text, 45 pages in length, briefly chronicles King Chulalongkorn’s various voyages along the Malay peninsula in the years 1898, 1899, and 1900. Note: the underlinings and hand-written notes that appear in this text are David K. Wyatt’s., Volume 26 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ทรงวิจารณ์เรื่องพระราชพงศาวดาร กับเรื่องพระราชประเพณีการตั้งพระมหาอุปราช [Phrarātchaniphon song wičhān rư̄ang phrarātchaphongsāwadān kap rư̄ang rātchapraphēnī kāntang phramahāupparāt].
Cremation volume for Phračhao Bō̜rommawongthœ̄ Phraong Čhao, Volume 40 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
พระราชนิพนธ์ เสด็จประพาสจันทบุรี และ อักขรานุกรมภูมิศาสตรจังหวัดจันทบุรี [Phrarātchaniphon sadet praphāt Čhanthaburī læ ʻakkhō̜rānu krom phūmisat čhangwat Čhanthaburī].
Cremation volume for Khun Mǣ Līan Klǣngklǣoklā [คุณแม่เลี่ยน แกลงแกล้วกล้า]. Includes a brief introduction and a photograph of the crematee. The main text, 180 pages in length, is divided into two parts. Pages 1 through 165 consist of a travel log of King Chulalongkorn’s tour of Čhanthaburī, December 24, 1876 to January 10, 1876. The second part, pages 166-180, comprise an excerpt from the Gazetteer of Čhanthaburī province., Volume 35 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๑๓ [Čhotmāihēt
Cremation volume for Phračhao Bō̜rommawongthœ̄ Phraʻong Čhao Wānīrattanakanyā [พระเจ้าบรมวงศเธอ พระองค์เจ้าวาณีรัตนกัญญา]. Includes no photos of or biographical information on the crematee. Front matter includes only a brief explanatory note on the use of rāchāsap, i.e. official court language. The main text, 90 pages, comprises the thirteenth volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diary for the period Monday, January 1, 1882 to Saturday, July 15, 1882., Volume 13 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
Bangkok Centennial, Held at Bangkok, Siam, 1882.
Title appears as “Bangkok Centenniel” on the book cover; It appears that George B. McFarland, the American missionary, lexicographer, and long-time resident of Siam, was the original owner of this volume., Volume 59 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
พระบรมราโชวาท ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว พระราชทานพระเจ้าลูกยาเธอ ทรงพระราชนิพนธ์เมื่อ พ.ศ. ๒๔๒๘ [Phrabō̜rom rāchōwāt nai Phrabāt Somdēt Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhua. prarātchathān Phrachao Lūkyāthœ̄ song phrarātchaniphon mư̄a phō ̜sō̜ 2428
The present volume contains a brief introduction written by Prince Damrongrāchānuphāp. The main text is divided into two parts. The first part, 16 pages in length, and written in Thai, consists of H.M. King Chulalongkorn's instructions to his sons — Prince Kitiyakara (Prince Čhanthaburīnarưnāt), Prince Raphi (Prince Rātchaburīdirēkrit), Prince Pravitra Vadhanodom (Prince of Prachin), Prince Chira (Prince of Nakhon Chaisri) — on the eve of their departure for their education in Europe in 1885. The second part of the text, 13 pages in length, is the English version of King Chulalongkorn’s instructions, translated by Prince Bidya (Prince Phitthayālongkō̜n)., Volume 37 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
พระราชหัตถเลขา คราวเสด็จจมณฑลฝ่ายเหนือ ในราชกาลที่ ๕ นับในหนังสื่อเรื่องเที่ยวที่ต่าง ฯ เปนภาคที่ ๕ [Phrarātchahatthalēkhā khrāo sadet Monthon Fāi Nư̄a nai Ratchakān thī 5 nap nai nangsư̄ rư̄ang thīeo thī tāngtāng pen phāk thī 5].
Volume commemorates the 60th anniversary of the birth of Princess ʻĀthō̜nthipphayaniphā (พระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าอาทรทิพยนิภา), grand-daughter of King Chulalongkorn. Includes a photograph of Princess ʻĀthō̜nthipphayaniphā, a preface, a table of contents, and a fairly detailed introduction to the text. The main text, 74 pages in length, chronicles King Chulalongkorn’s tour of northern Thailand in 1901., Volume 42 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๑๔ [Čhotmāihēt phrarātchakit rāiwan / phrarātchaniphon nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa phak 14].
Cremation volume for Mō̜myai Thēwakun [หม่อมใหญ่ เทวกุล]. Includes two photographs of the crematee, one an individual portrait, and second taken with her husband, Somdet Phračhao Bō̜rommawongthœ̄ Krom Phrayā Thēwawongwarōpakān [สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศเธอ กรมพระยาเทววงศ์วโรปการ]. Front matter also includes a brief introduction, an explanatory note on the use of rāchāsap, i.e. official court language, and a short biography of the crematee. The main text, 203 pages, comprises the fourteenth volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diary for the period Sunday, July 16, 1882 to Saturday, September 1, 1883., Volume 14 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๑๗ [Čhotmāihēt phrarātchakit rāiwan / phrarātchaniphon nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa phak 17].
Cremation volume for Phračhao Bō̜rommawongthœ̄ Phraʻong Čhao Phitsamaiphimonsat [พระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าพิศมัยพิมลสัตย์ ]. Includes a photograph of the crematee, but no biographical information. The main text, 177 pages, comprises the seventeenth volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diary for the period Thursday, March 27, 1883 to Wednesday, August 20, 1884. Note: This volume appears to contain a chronological error. The first five diary entries: March 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31 (pages 1-6) were written in 1883. April 1 (page 7), however, marked the start of a new year. Thus, all entries on and after April 1 should be dated 1884, not 1883., Volume 17 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๒ [Čhotmāihēt phrarātchakit rāiwan / phrarātchaniphon nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa phak 2].
Includes photo of Phračhao Phī Nāngthœ̄ Phraʻong Čhao Ō̜rapraphanramphai, 1885-1933 [พระเจ้าพี่นางเธอ พระองค์เจ้าอรประพันธ์รำไพ, 2428-2476], to whom this cremation volume is dedicated, but no biographical information. Introduction, 21/2 pages in length, includes a brief explanatory note on the use of rāchāsap, i.e. official court language (text is identical to that which appears in the introduction to volume 1). The main text, 46 pages, comprises the second volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diary covering the period Sunday, May 13, 1877 to Tuesday July 10, 1877., Volume 2 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๕ [Čhotmāihēt phrarātchakit rāiwan / phrarātchaniphon nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa phak 5].
Cremation volume for Phrayā Praphanramphai (Čhēk Čhātikrat), 1868-1933 [พระยาประพันธรำไพ (เจ๊ก จาติกรัตน)์, 2411-2476. Includes photograph of crematee and a 3 page biographical sketch. Introduction, 21/2 pages in length, includes a brief explanatory note on the use of rāchāsap, i.e. official court language. The main text, 51 pages, comprises the fifth volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diary for the period Thursday, December 6, 1877 to Sunday, March 3, 1877., Volume 5 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.
จดหมายเหตุพระราชกิจรายวัน / พระราชนิพนธ์ ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ภาค ๒๑ [Čhotmāihēt phrarātchakit rāiwan / phrarātchaniphon nai Phrabāt Somdet Phra Čhunlačhō̜mklao Čhaoyūhūa phak 21].
Cremation volume for Mō̜m Čhao Ying Nārāwadī Thēwakun [หม่อมเจ้าหญิง นาราวดี เทวกุล]. Includes one photograph of the crematee, but no biographical data. Also includes a brief explanatory note on the use of rāchāsap, i.e. official court language. The main text, 125 pages, comprises the twenty-first volume of King Chulalongkorn’s diaries for the period Sunday, April 4, 1886 to Friday, July 30, 1886., Volume 21 of 59, From the David K. Wyatt Thai Collection, Hwa-Wei Lee Center for International Collections., This item digitized and made available online with funds provided by United States Department of Education, TICFIA (Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information) Grant P337A05006.